Wednesday, January 27, 2021

Ex-CIA Chief Wants UFO Probe | UFO CHRONICLE – 1960

Ex-CIA Chief Wants UFO Probe - Worcester Gazette (Pt 1) 6-1-1960
Ex-CIA Chief Wants UFO Probe - Worcester Gazette (Pt 2) 6-1-1960

     WASHINGTON – Adm. R.H. Hillenkoetter, who headed the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) from May 1947 to October 1950, recently declared, speaking about the so-called Flying Saucers: "The unknown objects are under intelligent control, It
By Bulkley Griffin
Worcester Gazette
is imperative that we learn where the UFO's (Unidentified Flying Objects) come from and what their purpose is."

Sunday, January 24, 2021

2020 – A Year of UFO News Almost Too Strange To Believe

2020 – A Year of UFO News Almost Too Strange To Believe

The Pentagon played a huge role in the release of unclassified documents

     If 2019 was a big year for UFO coverage, 2020 may have been the best year ever.

No one can say for certain whether life exists outside of this
By Chris Ciaccia
Fox News
planet, but the public's interest levels in the subject have likely never been higher.

In January, the U.S. Navy said the release of certain classified briefings and a classified video about a UFO incident held by the Department of Defense "would cause exceptionally grave damage to the national security" to the U.S.

Thursday, January 21, 2021

UFOs: Air Force Successfully Blocks Congressional Investigation – 1961

Flying-Object Probe Out This Session - Waterbury Republican  8-6-1961

     No House investigation of the Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs) will be held this session. The Air Force is understood to have succeeded in blocking it.

U.S. Rep. Joseph E. Karth, chairman of the sub-committee that
By Bulkley Griffin
Waterbury Republican
was picked to probe the UFO situation, predicted that hearings will be held in the next session of Congress, which starts next January. Karth may get the backing of House Leader John W. McCormack, D-Mass., in this plan.


Despite the Air Force pressure and prestige, men like House Leader McCormack, Adm. R. H. Hillenkoetter, former head of the CIA, a considerable number of veteran pilots, a few former Pentagon officials who were close to the situation while in the Pentagon and other experts in the field of the atmosphere and its sights, all disagree with the Air Force.

These persons hold that certain of the sightings constitute something real and unknown, and demand investigation. Leader McCormack, Adm. Hillenkoetter and others believe the Air Force has been withholding some information. The move for congressional hearings will continue, it is indicated at the Capitol.


Tuesday, January 19, 2021

Alien Seige at Cisco Grove – The Bow and Arrow Incident (1964)

Alien Seige at Cisco Grove – The Bow and Arrow Incident (1964)

California Man is Beseiged By "Occupants"

     In early September, 1964, three men from the Sacramento area of California went into the mountains near Cisco Grove, California, to hunt with bows and arrows. On the night of the 4th, after hunting a ridge, they separated and headed for
By The A.P.R.O. Bulletin
July-Aug 1966
camp. One of the men, who will be referred to hereafter as, "Mr.X" (at his request), came to the end of the ridge, found a sheer drop and has to retrace his steps and attempt to descend to camp along another route. At that time it was getting dark and Mr. X shortly found that he was lost.


Shortly thereafter, Mr. X saw a bright light descend out of the sky in a glide path and land beyond the crest of the ridge. He at first thought it was a helicopter coming to rescue him but he heard no sound, and decided it might have been a meteor despite its slow speed. Shortly he realized his mistake when he heard sounds of something approaching from the direction of the object, whose lights he could now see. He went back up his tree and watched as two "space-suit" clad figures walked over to the base of the tree followed by a "something" which he referred to as a "robot" in his report, which seemed to float rather than walk, would go over rather than around bushes, etc.

California Man is Beseiged By 'Occupants' - The APRO Bulletin (July-August, 1966)

Sunday, January 17, 2021

Deadline Looms for Pentagon UFO Report

Pentagon UFOs

     The clock is ticking for the Pentagon’s hush hush program to investigate UFOs. It’s called the Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Task Force (UAPTF), and it has been ordered to prepare a detailed overview of the UFO mystery for submission to Congress.
By George Knapp
Mystery Wire

However, there are already challenges to meeting this deadline.

Thursday, January 14, 2021

Alien Radio Signal From Proxima Centauri?

Alien Radio Signal From Proxima Centauri

     Nobody believes it was ET phoning, but radio astronomers admit they don’t have an explanation yet for a beam of radio waves that apparently came from the direction of the star Proxima Centauri.

By Dennis Overbye
New York Times
“It’s some sort of technological signal. The question is whether it’s Earth technology or technology from somewhere out yonder,” said Sofia Sheikh, a graduate student at Pennsylvania State University leading a team studying the signal and trying to decipher its origin. She is part of Breakthrough Listen, a $100 million effort funded by Yuri Milner, a Russian billionaire investor, to find alien radio waves. The project has now stumbled on its most intriguing pay dirt yet.

Wednesday, January 13, 2021

See the CIA’s Recent Dump of UFO-Related Declassified Documents

UFOs and The CIA

     From reports of flying saucers to mysterious bomb blasts, the CIA has opened its catalogue of intelligence on reports of unidentified flying objects to the public.

UFOs: Fact or Fiction contains dozens of downloadable files on
By Nexstar Media Wire
Fox 8
sightings and unexplained phenomena from around the world. The documents cover five decades of research, from the 1940s to the early 1990s. It’s not clear, however, if the CIA has included all their files; the agency did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

Radar UFOs / UAP

Radar UFOs / UAP

Common sources of ‘aerial phenomena’ detected by ground and airborne radars

     During the 1930s British scientists working on a ‘death ray’ discovered that when radio waves from a transmitter struck targets such as aircraft, ships and buildings they bounced back and could be detected by a receiver. The Air Ministry quickly began to develop a functioning early warning system that could be used to calculate the distance, direction and height of German aircraft by listening for the echoes returned from bursts of radio waves. Originally known as a Radio Direction and Finding (RDF) the term ‘radar’ was adopted during WW2 when the Chain Home system, built around the English coastline, was
David Clarke
By David Clarke
The UFO Chronicles
the key to the success of the RAF during the Battle of Britain. But despite its success early radar systems were cluttered by noise from birds, insects, weather systems and unusual atmospheric conditions. Here are some of the most common explanations for UFOs on radar:

Radar ‘Angels’:

Chain Home Radars at RAF Poling, Sussex WW2
Chain Home Radars at RAF Poling, Sussex WW2
Angels were first mentioned by radar personnel at the dawn of the modern UFO era to describe invisible targets in the clear atmosphere. In March 1941 Chain Home radars detected a formation of blips moving across the English Channel. RAF fighters were sent to intercept but their crews saw nothing and the blips faded. Similar ‘angels’ plagued the more powerful Type 80 centimetric radars that were introduced from 1954 and became a hazard for air traffic controllers. A RAF Fighter Command investigation concluded the majority of these were caused by migrating seabirds and others were the result of ‘anomalous propagation’. Computers filtered out smaller echoes and increased the strength of those created by aircraft. The invention of transponders that transmit an electronic identification signal from aircraft to ground control helped to further reduce clutter on air traffic control radars. This means that ‘aerial phenomena’ appear on radar today only if they intrude upon flightpaths and create a nearmiss of the type occasionally investigated by the Civil Aviation Authority’s Airprox board.

‘Anomalous Propagation’

This is caused by unusual meteorological conditions that trap and bend radio waves along the surface of the Earth. AP can result in radio energy being returned from objects at distances far in excess of the radar’s normal range of operation. On occasions moving objects such as cars, ships and low-flying aircraft have been superimposed on the usual radar picture. AP may be the ultimate source of some classic radar UFO flaps including those that plagued Washington DC during the summer of 1952 and RAF Bentwaters-Lakenheath in 1956. Measurements of extreme speed and height of anomalous radar targets is completely worthless if the observer is unaware that AP is present and even experienced operators have been fooled. More recently, clear air radar echoes created by backscattering from fluctuations of the index of refraction in the atmosphere have been detected by scientists using powerful radars operating at several wavelengths.

One of the pioneers of radar meteorology, Dr David Atlas (1924-2015) said these experiments prove ‘the atmosphere will effect radar propagation in almost unbelievable ways and produce virtual targets which have apparently fantastic maneuverability’. In 2002 Dr Atlas said the majority of UFO radar incidents occurred before the results of NASA-sponsored research using extremely sensitive radars to probe extremely thin atmospheric echo layers was widely known.

These experiments at Wallops Island in Virginia from 1967 identified ‘incredibly thin, specular reflecting layers like mirrors at high altitudes…that could account for the exceedingly large apparent speeds of echoes either from ground targets or moving vehicles on the ground’. He added:
‘I am strongly convinced that these mysterious radar echoes are due to anomalous propagation somewhat different than that with which scientists in the 1950s and 60s were familiar’. He believed the large number of UFO radar reports during this period ‘was due to the lack of knowledge of their origin. Once their origin was explained the frequency of the reports decreased’.
Permanent Echoes

On occasions prominent buildings have been reported as potential UFOs when ground controllers have been alerted, in real time, to mysterious visual sightings. A classic example occurred in October 1996 when the 273ft (83m) spire of Boston Stump appeared on civilian and RAF radars at the height of a UFO flap in East Anglia. The presence of the stationary echo was only flagged up as unusual when staff at RAF Neatishead in Norfolk were alerted by police and others who had spotted strange lights in the sky above The Wash.This case even fooled defence intelligence experts. Ron Haddow listed it as the ‘only UK event’ where three radars had simultaneously detected a UFO in UK airspace in the Condign report he produced for MoD in 2000.

Interference from other transmitters

Mysterious moving echoes can appear on radars when two or more transmitters are close together. The MoD’s Flying Saucer Working Party investigated one example in 1950 when a sighting made by a RAF Meteor pilot initially appeared to have strong corroboration from a ground radar station in Sussex. Inquiries found the sighting occurred ten minutes before the radar detection and traced the interference to a naval radar in the English Channel. Some of the hypersonic targets detected by Belgian Air Force F-16s in March 1990 were caused by the aircraft’s own radars interfering with each other in a similar manner.

ECM: jamming and spoofing

Electronic Counter Measures are techniques developed by military intelligence agencies to fool enemies. Early crude examples include dropping ‘chaff’ – strips of reflective foil – to jam defence radars during air raids. In 1998 the CIA revealed the existence of a formerly top secret project, code-named Palladium, that was developed alongside the U2 spyplane in the 1950s to insert phantom aircraft into enemy radars. It was used during Cuban crisis and later during the Vietnam war. Project leader Gene Poteat said it allowed them to ‘simulate an aircraft of any radar cross-section from an invisible stealth airplane to one that made a large blip on Soviet radar screens – and anything in between, at any speed and altitude, and fly it along any path’.

A secret CIA-MoD experiment with Palladium might explain the radar UFO reported by USAF F-86 pilot Lt Milton Torres who was sent to investigate a blip detected by RAF radars in East Anglia one night in 1956-57. Torres’s airborne radar locked onto the ‘object’ that appeared to be the size of a B52 bomber and he was ordered by the ground controller to open fire with his salvo of rockets. But ten seconds before he received authentication the ‘bogey’ broke away and disappeared at great speed. There was no visual sighting. On return to base Torres was debriefed by a secret service agent and told his mission was Top Secret. He did not discuss it again until 1986 after retirement from USAF.

‘Specials’: Black project aircraft

According to intelligence expert Richard Aldrich during the Cold War air defence radars in the West were frequently triggered by incursions by Black Project aircraft developed by the CIA and USAF. Incursions by ‘friendly’ Black Projects have continued with the deployment of the radar-invisible F-117A Stealth and B2 bombers in the Europe from the 1970s. Speculation has continued about the hypersonic Aurora spy-plane that was linked with a series of anomalous radar detections in southwest Scotland during the early 1990s. The existence of the Aurora has been denied but declassified MoD files reveal that intelligence officers declared they ‘would not be surprised’ if covert visits were the source of some unexplained UFO incidents reported in the UK.

Radar UFOs at The National Archives

This image of a RAF track-tracing sheet is possibly the nearest we have to an official record of unidentified aerial phenomena in the sky above the British Isles. During the Cold War RAF radars scanned the North Atlantic and North Sea for Soviet intruders 24 hours every day of the year. Radar operators routinely made manual records of unknowns tracked on radar by marking their movements, in pencil, on tracing paper.

Track of aerial phenomena seen on radars at RAF Ventnor in July 1957 (TNA AIR 2 - 19994)
Track of aerial phenomena seen on radars at RAF Ventnor in July 1957 (TNA AIR 2/19994)

These UFOs were designated as ‘X-raids’ and, if they could not be identified as friendly aircraft, RAF fighters were scrambled to intercept them. This tracing sheet was produced by Flt Lt J.S. Hassall to record the movements of strange aerial phenomena tracked by radars at RAF Ventor, Isle of Wight, on the afternoon of 29 July 1957.

In his report to the Air Ministry’s UFO branch, DDI (Tech), Hassall said his Type 80 radar first plotted ‘X-raid 422’ moving at speeds between 1000-1400 knots at a height of 42,000 feet above the English Channel. Minutes later Hassall tracked another similar echo, moving at a similar speed, then a third and a fourth. By then he had begun to doubt the tracks were genuine. His report concludes:

‘It was finally decided these were spurious responses, but as they had been designated X-raids, recordings and reports were made’. [TNA AIR 20/9994]

Sunday, January 10, 2021

Radar & UAPs – a New Resource

Radar & UAPs – a New Resource

     For 2021 I have launched a new resource on my website that is dedicated to Radar, UAPs and other anomalies related to radar detection systems.

The case studies range from anomalous ‘angels‘ detected by the earliest RDF sets in the 1940s to so-called UAPs – unidentified aerial phenomena – tracked by sophisticated ground and air phased-array radars used by Western powers in the 21st century.

Dr. David Clarke
By Dr. David Clarke
The UFO Chronicles
Radar UAP landing page:

This is a subject that has fascinated me for some time. During the past 20 years I have collected a large archive of material including first hand accounts from military and civilian radar technicians, fighter controllers and experts such as the late NASA meteorologist Dr David Atlas.
Angels on Radar: examples from WW2 and 1950s Air Ministry investigations

• MoD’s Defence Intelligence study from 1951 – report by the Flying Saucer Working Party, appendix one covers radar anomalies.

Air Ministry Secret Intelligence Study 1955 examined the main sources of radar anomalies at that time.

RAF Lakenheath-Bentwaters incident 1956: a classic ‘radar visual’ incident from the UK that was logged by the USAF Project Blue Book. But does it remain unexplained?

RAF Manston incident 1956-57: from the same era as the Lakenheath incident, a puzzling Cold War incident from Kent.

East Anglia radar/visual 1996: this multi-faceted incident was the subject of a rare field investigation by the RAF and featured in the MoD’s Condign report.

• MoD Defence Intelligence Condign report, 2000 – released under the Freedom of Information Act in 2006. Chapter 3 includes a lengthy analysis of radar related UAP materials.
At the moment the Radar UAP resource is UK focussed as a direct outcome of my fieldwork. But as the resource grows I will include links to reliable/authoritative source material relating to radar anomalies and case studies from Europe, North America and elsewhere in the world.